ABLE Target System Modules 1, 2 & 3 - Child Care
Positive Behavioural Support, De-Escalation, Defence, Disengagement and Safeholding/Restraint

In-House Certification

12.5 hours (2 days)


This course includes all elements of the ABLE Target System Module 1 Foundation Level, the Module 2 Foundation Level and the ABLE Target System Module 3 as described below.

‘Behaviour that challenges’ comes in many forms and varies dependent on situation and environment and the personal feelings of the individuals involved.

Our training in the subject of managing difficult behaviours and aggression all follow the ABLE 6‐Stage Target Model which is based on the principles of positive behavioural support, pro‐active and responsive strategies and de‐escalation. It is a person‐centred approach adapted to child care settings that can be residential, community based or educational environments. The course will be bespoke and adapted to support individuals within your environments and behaviours that affect your individuals.

This training is currently taught to staff around the country to assist those working with children who display behaviour that challenges and aggression. The ABLE target system is praised for its simple but effective principles, its person‐centred approach and its adaptable design.

Delivered to pre-schools, schools, children’s homes, supported living, learning disability settings and mental health settings.

This course will enable participants to explore the issues that lead to challenging behaviour and is tailored to your environment and needs.

Delegates will learn how to respond to rather than react to behaviour that challenges and aggression through techniques including:

  • Behavioural analysis
  • Behavioural planning
  • Reinforcing and rewarding behaviour that is incompatible with challenging behaviour.
  • Appropriate extinguishing
  • Clear communication
  • De‐escalation techniques
  • Person-centred problem solving to create win‐win outcomes
  • What to do when faced with danger.

In certain environments and situations staff should be able to recognise and manage the risks of imminent violence or aggression. This may be necessary when every possibility of managing a situation through either pro-active or non-physical responses has not worked. The defence and disengagement module of the target system gives staff an understanding of any use of force within their setting.

It expands on the principles of ongoing assessment and dynamic risk assessment from module 1 and brings them over to a higher risk setting where there may be a risk of physical aggression.

This section is ideally suited to anyone who may be in a situation where there is a possibility for physical aggression variations and bespoke days are taught in all child and educational settings.

Module 3 – Safe holding & Restraint

Based on the risk assessments of the environment it may be appropriate for staff to have knowledge and training in more restrictive forms of physical intervention for when the use of non-physical interventions have failed.

We work as part of the restraint reduction network so always emphasise that the use of restraint or safe holding techniques should be a last resort but sometimes may be required.

The course continues to reiterate the principles of ongoing assessment and dynamic risk assessment from module 1 and 2 and brings them over to a higher risk setting where there may be a significant risk of physical aggression and where withdrawal will not eliminate the risk.

Techniques taught on the course are taught based on the setting (techniques will vary dependant on age of service users).

The physical intervention techniques taught on the courses have been independently medically risk assessed by the Institute of Conflict Management and incorporate techniques that are taught within the guidelines of:

  • NHS Protect
  • BILD (British Institute of Learning Disabilities)
  • Department of Education
  • Department of Health

and meet:

  • Standards of other commercially driven training systems that teach control & restraint and physical intervention techniques
  • Skills for Health
  • Skills for Care


Foundation Level

As module 3 can only be completed after individuals have completed either the foundation course or the certificate in module 1 or 2. The course level for this module is dictated by the level of training preceding it.

Attendees will be able to

  • Identify what “behaviour that challenges” is
  • Understand the main causes of behaviour that challenges and aggression
  • Make proactive adjustments and strategies that may help to reduce the behaviour
  • Recognise signs of escalation in behaviour or aggression
  • Respond in an appropriate manner to behaviour or aggression
  • Learn on an ongoing basis how to better manage and support an individual

Understand the principle of ‘reasonable force’

Recognise the benefits of non-physical techniques

Understand the law relating to Self Defence and Physical Intervention

Perform a dynamic risk assessment

Identify the importance of recording and debriefing following an incident

Demonstrate effective disengagement techniques (including- wrist, hair, throat and clothing grabs)

Demonstrate effective defence techniques (including punches and kicks)


Examine what is meant by restraint
Understand when restraint or safe holding may be appropriate
Understand legal standpoints of restraint in relation to the age and setting (MCA/DOLS, Children’s home regulations, department of education, mental health act)
Understand the importance of appropriate risk assessments
Identify potential medical implications of restraint
Recognise high risk positions
Perform on going dynamic risk assessments
Know the importance of monitoring, communication and ‘letting go’
Demonstrate non-restrictive guiding techniques and separation techniques
Demonstrate effective 1 – 3 person restraint techniques in standing, walking and sitting positions
Practice and reflect the importance of ‘Letting Go’ safely
Practice effective escalation and de-escalation of techniques

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Onsite training can be held at a venue of your choice and times to suit you and each course can be tailored and adapted to meet the needs of your workplace.

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Varied Group Sizes

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